Estimated Total Population:

16.49 million

World Bank, 2019

Estimated SGM Population:



Estimated Total SGM Adult Population:



Estimated % of SGM Adults (18+):



There are no nationwide estimates of SGM populations in Cambodia. However, a 2014 study done by the Cambodian National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STD estimates that the population of men who have sex with men in Cambodia is about 31,000 (Mun et. al., 2016). Furthermore, a 2013 study done by FHI 360 estimates that there are about 2,686 transgender individuals in seven urban cities of Cambodia (Ngak, 2013). These estimates may provide an insight on some aspects of SGM individuals in Cambodia.

Cambodia's Laws and Policies from ILGA World Report (2019)

Marriage for Same-Sex Couples
Civil Unions
Joint Adoption
Second Parent Adoption
Employment Nondiscrimination Laws
Broad Protections
Criminalization of Violence
Ban of Conversion Therapy
Consensual Same-Sex Acts are Legal?
Does Not Apply
Max Penalty (Yrs in Prison)
Does Not Apply

Selected Published Studies, Reports, and Other Documents


Mburu, G., Tuot, S., Mun, P., Chhoun, P., Chann, N., & Yi, S. (2019). Prevalence and correlates of amphetamine-type stimulant use among transgender women in Cambodia. International Journal of Drug Policy, 74: 135-143.

Ngak, S., Penfold, S., Lui, K.H., Chhim, S. (2013). Transgender Size Estimation in Seven Cities in Cambodia. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.36149.17122 

Pal, K., Ngin, C., Tuot, S., Chhoun, P., Ly, C., Chhim, S., Luong, M.A., Tatomir, B., & Yi, S. (2016). Acceptability Study on HIV Self-Testing among Transgender Women, Men who Have Sex with Men, and Female Entertainment Workers in Cambodia: A Qualitative Analysis. PLoSONE, 11(11), e0166129.

Salas, V.S., & Sorn, S. (2013). An Exploration of Social Exclusion of Lesbians, Gay, and Transgender Persons in Families and Communities in Some Areas of Cambodia and Their Ways of Coping. Social Protection Coordination Unit Cambodian Social Protection Research Fund.

Weissman, A., Ngak, S., Srean, C., Sansothy, N., Mills, S., & Ferradini, L. (2016). HIV prevalence and risks associated with HIV infection among transgender individuals in Cambodia. PLoS ONE, 11(4).

Yi, S., Ngin, C., Tuot, S., Chhoun, P., Chhim, S., Pal, K., Mun, P., & Mburu. G. (2017). HIV prevalence, risky behaviors, and discrimination experiences among transgender women in Cambodia: descriptive findings from a National Integrated Biological and Behavioral Survey. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 17(1).

Yi, S., Tuot, S., Chhoun, P., Pal,K., Ngin, C., Choub, S.C., & Brody, C. (2016). Improving prevention and care for HIV and sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men in Cambodia: the sustainable action againstHIV and AIDS in communities (SAHACOM). BMC Health Serv Res, 16(1):599.

Yi, S., Tuot, S., Chhoun, P., Pal, K., Choub, C., & Mburu, G. (2016). Mental health among men who have sex with men in Cambodia: Implications forIntegration of mental health services within HIV programmes. International Journal for Equity in Health, 15(53).

Yi, S., Tuot, S., Chhim, S. Chhoun, P., Mun, P., & Mburu G. (2018). Exposure to gender-based violence and depressive symptoms among transgender women in Cambodia: findings from the National Integrated Biological and Behavioral Survey 2016. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 12(24).


UNDP, USAID (2014). Being LGBT in Asia: Cambodia Country Report. UN Development Programme.

Mun, P., Chhim, S., Chhoun, P., Tuot, S., Ly, C., Dionisio, J., Pal, K., Song, N., Ngin, C. & Yi, S. (2016). National Population Size Estimation, HIV Related Risk Behaviors, and HIV Prevalence Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Cambodia in 2014. National Center for HIV/AIDs, Dermatology and STD.